We refer to infertility when, after a year of having regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraceptives, a woman does not become pregnant. Infertility can have many causes, and a correct diagnosis is the first step towards effective treatment. In the vast majority of couples who unsuccessfully try to have a child, infertility is caused by male and female factors.
It is important to bear in mind that in a given couple there may be several factors that reduce the chance of getting pregnant.
There are many causes of fertility disorders. The most common include:
- Ovulation disorders;
- Endocrine disorders;
- Diminished ovarian reserve;
- Fallopian tube obstruction;
- Anatomical defects;
- Abnormal semen parameters.
Therefore, the diagnosis of both partners is extremely important to understand the cause and implement the correct treatment.